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Getting Ready for SLE
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Preparing for SLE      
The 2020 SLE Legislative Counselors Ramirez-Perez, Holbert, Magallón and Erath are looking forward to meeting the top 75 seniors in California FFA who will join us at SLE. In this model legislature we will explore structure of government and the economy, how and why people vote, the path of legislation, and debate bills in committee meetings and on the floor of the California Assembly and Senate.

As part of SLE, we need to have a basic understanding of California Government, Economics and Legislative policy. SLE now has pre-conference learning objectives where students are asked to explore and understand topics before coming to the event. All students will take a pre-assessment prior to SLE to gauge their understanding of these topics.

Challenge 1Research individual bill topic and become an expert on this issue, prepared to introduce the bill to the model legislature at SLE.
Challenge 2Research the legislative district you represent at SLE, prepared to defend the needs and views of constituents that live in that district. 
Challenge 3, part 1Understanding how socioeconomic and demographic factors can influence how and if people vote; the three branches of government in the United States: Executive (enforce), Legislative (create) and Judicial (interpret) and key players in these areas of government. 
Challenge 3, part 2Preview the path of legislation that a bill follows in the California Assembly and Senate.

Government Crash Course      
In this Government Crash Course for SLE, we explore how Legislators use Socioeconomics and Demographics to best represent their constituents; the Structure of Government in the United States, often referred to as the three branches of government, and the Key Players with in the California Government System.  

Check for Understanding: Socioeconomics and Demographics 

We have discovered that Socioeconomics effect IF an individual will vote and Demographics effect HOW an individual will vote, but how does this apply to the different types of issues we most commonly see? 

Social Issues are topics that impact society at large, like gun control and women's voting rights. Fiscal Issues are topics that effect the economy, like health care and taxes. Social and Fiscal issues can be framed liberally and conservatively. 

History provides examples of what extreme forms of liberalism (communism) and conservatism (fascism) look like and why they often fail, as well as what it looks like when government breaks down (anarchy).

Take a look at the following YouTube videos to learn more about Socioeconomic Status and Demographics and ensure you are prepared for SLE.

Social Policy by Crash Course Government (Video)
Fiscal Policy 
by Crash Course Government (Video)
Political Ideology 
by Crash Course Government (Video)

Check for Understanding: Government Structure and Key Players

Having discovered the three branches of government and key players within California Government, take a moment to check out the links below to further understand how our government system operates. 

Bicameral Congress by Crash Course Government (Video)
Three Branches and Checks & Balances by Crash Course Government (Video)

Path of Legislation      
In this last section, prepare more for SLE by exploring the path of legislation that a bill follows at in moves through the legislature.

Understanding How a Bill becomes a Law
Introduction in First House (First Reading on the Floor)
   Policy Committee
   Fiscal Committee
   Second Reading on the Floor
   Floor Vote
Second House (Repeat Steps)
Concurrence (Agreement) or Conference Meeting (Disagreement)
Governor's Action (Sign, Veto, Pass without Signature)
   Override a Veto
Bill Becomes Law

Check for Understanding      
After reviewing the pre-conference work above, check how well you understand the material by taking the pre-conference assessment linked below. This assessment should help you determine what aspects of pre-SLE work you know and understand well, and which areas you may still need work on. SLE staff will use the results to help you during SLE.

SLE Pre-Conference Assessment  

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